Course - Family focus - from tots to teens - family support course

Culture Differences, inclusion and sensitivity

Cerebral palsy overview

Cerebral palsy can be described by the way it affects people’s movement, the part of the body affected and by how severe the affects are.

QUADRIPLEGIA (A FORM OF BILATERAL CEREBRAL PALSY)

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Both arms and legs are affected. The muscles of the trunk, face and mouth are often also affected.

DIPLEGIA (A FORM OF BILATERAL CEREBRAL PALSY)

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Both legs are affected. The arms may be affected to a lesser extent.

HEMIPLEGIA (A FORM OF UNILATERAL CEREBRAL PALSY)

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One side of the body (one arm and one leg) is affected.

OTHER CLASSIFICATIONS

Severity

SPASTIC

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  • The most common form of cerebral palsy
  • Muscles feel stiff and tight

More about Spastic cerebral palsy »

DYSKINETIC

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  • Characterised by involuntary movements (i.e. out of a person’s control)

More about Dyskinetic cerebral palsy »

ATAXIC

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  • Characterised by shaky movements
  • Affects balance and sense of positioning in space

More about Ataxic cerebral palsy »

MIXED TYPE

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